Long-term unemployment reached unprecedented levels in Spain in the wake of the Great Recession and it still affects around 57% of the unemployed. In this ADEMU seminar, Samuel Bentolila, Professor of Economics at CEMFI, discussed his working paper which documents the sources that contributed to the rise in long-term unemployment and analyzes its persistence using state-of-the-art duration models.
In the paper, Professor Bentolila finds pervasive evidence of negative duration dependence, while personal characteristics such as mature age, lack of experience, and entitlement to unemployment benefits are key to understand the cross-sectional differences in the incidence of long-term unemployment.
The negative impact of low levels of skill and education is muted by the large share of temporary contracts, but once attention to employment spells lasting at least one month is restricted, these factors also contribute to a higher risk of long-term unemployment. Surprisingly, workers from the construction sector do not fare worse than similar workers from other sectors.
Finally, self-reported reservation wages are found to respond strongly to the cycle, but much less to individual unemployment duration. In view of these findings, Professor Bentolila argues that active labour market policies should play a more prominent role in the fight against long-term unemployment while early activation should be used to curb inflows.
See the slides that were presented during the seminar.